Tyre Safety: Spotting Tyre Damage

Spotting Tyre Damage

As the main point of contact between your car and the road, your tyres are probably going to be the main source of issues you have with your car. It's crucial to be aware of the warning indications of tire trouble so that you can get them fixed or replaced as soon as a problem is found, keeping your vehicle always road-safe. It's possible for tyres to sustain damage for several reasons without the driver being immediately aware of a problem. The most common types of damage are punctures, cuts, impacts, cracks, bulges and irregular wear. we'll go through the signs and symptoms to help you diagnose the issue, plus some useful tips on how to prevent them.


Your tyre inflation levels can be the genesis of your issues. Over-inflated tyres will not function safely. This is because the more air a tyre has, the harder it is for it to stay in contact with the road let the tread develop traction. In addition, the structure of the tyres will be put under more stress the more pressure you apply, which will reduce their lifespan. One way to tell if you have an over inflated tyre is by looking at your tyres’ wear patterns. Are the centres of your tyres particularly worn down? If so, they probably need some air letting out. According to research, the tyre pressure of almost 60% of domestic car driving on European roads is less than ideal. Any or all the following issues could result from underinflated tyres:

  • An increased risk of understeer, which can lead to collisions
  • Poor handling and difficulty performing precise manoeuvres
  • More prone to general wear and tear
  • An increased risk of punctures

You can keep an eye on your tyres' air pressure and inflate or deflate them as necessary if you're worried about an under-inflated tyre.

Identifying a sidewall indentation

A tyre sidewall is not always perfectly even; sometimes there will be dimples and indentations and may require a more detailed inspection to determine the causes. The essential thing to know is that indentations are harmless and aren't detrimental either to driving or safety characteristics. The dimples are superficial. Indentations in the tire are best illustrated if you were to imagine tying a string around an inflated balloon and then gently pulling the string tighter. If the balloon is the tire, the string is the embedded carcass cords which are concealed by the rubber. These cords provide the tire with its strength and stability, and transfer steering and braking forces while driving.

Identifying a cut

Cuts are caused by outside factors such as poor road conditions, protruding bodywork, or sharp, foreign items like stones or glass. Visit us or a local tyre shop right away to get your tyres professionally inspected if you see damage in the form of a cut on the tyre surface.

Cracking and bulging

When your tyres hit a pothole or curb, they may develop fractures and bulges in the sidewall from the force of the contact. Cracking can be a sign that a tyre is getting old and should be replaced. An impact break is damage inflicted on the carcass (the casing of the tire) after the tyre comes into contact with certain obstacles. A pronounced bulge on the sidewall of the tyre indicates destroyed cords inside the carcass.

Damage of this kind is usually caused by driving over objects – like curbs or speed bumps – at excessive speed or the wrong angle. Overstressing the carcass causes individual cords to break. The exact extent of the damage will depend on the speed and angle of impact, and the size of the obstacle. Careful motorists are usually able to avoid this type of damage, unless an obstacle suddenly appears in front of a vehicle, and they can't steer around it. Ignoring such damage raises the possibility of future tyre failure, such as sidewall disintegration or tread and plies delamination.

Punctures explained

Punctures happen when sharp items on the road, such nails, screws, or pieces of broken glass, pierce the tyre's surface. The tyre may start to lose air pressure if the puncture is deep enough. Visit our tyre specialist as soon as you can to get them fixed if you notice that one or more of your tyres are consistently losing pressure or if you find a nail or screw embedded in the tread.

Wear and tear

All tyres will experience general wear and tear as they are used over time, but it's crucial to keep an eye on the tread depth to make sure it is within the legal limit. You cannot lawfully drive on the roadways and need to get your tyres replaced if the tread depth is less than 1.6mm. While this amount of wear is the absolute minimum, it is important to keep in mind that replacing your tyres before they reach it will guarantee that your tyres are safe to be driven on roads without sacrificing performance and grip.

How to prevent damages

Change the position of the tires on the car at regular intervals (unless otherwise recommended by the vehicle manufacturer) to promote even tire wear. The position of the tyres should be rotated, for example, when making the seasonal transition from summer to winter tyres. Drivers can anticipate a similar pattern of tyre wear by routinely switching the wheels from the powered to the non-powered axle. But as always, please observe the recommendations provided by the vehicle manufacturer. If you ever find yourself having to drive over an obstruction in the road, make sure to do so carefully. After that, look for exterior flaws on your tyres like cuts, cracks, or bulges. Additionally, drive carefully on unpaved roads.