What affects the range of an electric car

What Affects the Range of an Electric Vehicle?

The WLTP Test

Most manufacturers use the WLTP test to test the range of their vehicles. The Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test (WLTP) procedure is used to measure fuel consumption and CO2 emissions and is designed to represent everyday driving. Because the test must be carried out in standardised conditions (for fair comparison from vehicle to vehicle) it means that not all real-world conditions are included. 

Improved Testing

For our Ford EVs we also display the WLTP Extra High-test value which reflects the less efficient scenario of motorway driving. This better illustrates the variability in real-world driving on a Mustang Mach-E or Kuga PHEV. This follows updated guidance from the Vehicle Certification Agency in the UK.

What Impacts Real-World EV Range?

The real-world range of electric vehicles can be impacted by a range of variables and with the massive surge in uptake of electric vehicles by the public it is useful to know some of the thing that could affect the range of your electric vehicle. Some examples of things that can impact the range of an EV include:

  • Temperature outside and inside
  • Tyre condition
  • Road terrain and surface quality
  • Poor weather conditions
  • Driving style
  • Battery health
  • Payload
  • Vehicle maintenance
  • Use of accessories

Skyview of England

Maximising All-Electric Range

There are several steps that can be taken to maximise your all-electric range:

Pre-conditioning the battery and cabin: Set departure times to warm the battery and prepare the cabin while plugged in to a charging source (Managed via SYNC or FordPass).

Keep the vehicle plugged in whenever it is parked.

In colder weather, parking under cover can be helpful.

Regenerative braking can capture and reuse more than 90% of the braking energy improving the efficiency of the battery and extending the battery range.

Maintaining a consistent cabin temperature is more efficient versus regularly turning theclimate control on and off again.